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To start introducing math concepts to the girls I came up with Beginning Math Concepts: How Many Apples? These activities are a fun way to help kids start conceptualizing the math concepts counting, quantities, patterns, graphing, similarities, differences, and greater than, less than, or equal to. Beginning Math Concepts: How Many Apples? also helps them to start thinking critically and problem solving. I included some questions to ask before, during, or after each activity.

###### Terms to define to the kids:

- Most/Least
- Total
- Smallest/Largest
- Greater than/Less than/ Equal to
- Same/Different
- Pattern

###### Beginning Math Concepts: How many apples?

###### Supplies Needed:

- 3-4 different color apples (red, yellow, green, pink)
- Large bowl/basket
- Colored index cards
- Poster board
- Small Chalkboard or dry erase board
- Chalk or dry erase markers
- Paper and pencils

###### Activity 1: Sort and Count

- Place all apples together in a large bowl or basket.
- Label an index card for each color of apple using.
- Have the kids sort the apples into groups by color.
- Then have them count each group of apples.

###### Questions to ask:

- Which color has the most apples?
- Which color has the least apples?
- How many apples total?

###### Activity 2: Count and Simple Graph

- On a poster board or the table have the kids assemble the apples in columns like a bar graph.

###### Questions to ask:

- Which kind of apple has the most?
- Which kind of apple has the least?

###### Activity 3: Bar Graph

- Mix up the apples adding additional apples or taking some away to change the quantities of each color.
- On a chalkboard or dry erase board have the kids draw a simple bar graph.
- Next have them sort and count the apples.
- Then have them fill in the graph for each color of apples.

###### Questions to ask

- Which color has the most apples?
- Which color has the least apples?
- How many more apples does the smallest group need to equal the largest group? They can use the bar graph to count up.
- How many apples do you need to remove from the middle group to equal the smallest group? They can use the bar graph to count down.

###### Activity 4: Greater Than, Less Than, or Equal To

- Add back the apples you took out earlier.
- On a sheet of paper, compare each group of apples.
- Write down the total number of red apples and the total number of yellow apples. Then write whether red is >, <, or = to yellow.
- Compare each color of apples to each other.

###### Questions to ask

- Which color has the most apples?
- Which color has the least apples?
- How many more apples does the smallest group need to equal the largest group?
- How many apples do you need to remove from the middle group to equal the smallest group?

###### Activity 5: Same and Different

- Make a list of all the ways the apples are the same.
- Then make a list of all the ways the apples are different.

###### Activity 6: Patterns

- Create a pattern with a few apples.
- Have your child finish the pattern.
- Have your child create their own pattern.

###### Activity 7: The Tower

- Have the kids build a tower out of the apples.
- See how many apples they can stack before it falls over.
- Try building the tower with a small apple on the bottom.
- Then try it with a big apple on the bottom. Which one worked better? Why do you think it worked like that?
- Try stacking the apples steam to bottom.
- Then try stacking them steam to steam.
- And finally try bottom to bottom. Which way allowed you to stack the highest? Why do you think it worked like that?
- Try building other structures with the apples like a pyramid. How does that compare to building the tower?

Be sure to stop by my Homeschool Totschool Preschool page where I will be linking all our books and other resources. And if you are looking for kid-friendly crafts, make sure you check out my Homeschool Totschool Preschool Crafts page where I link all our crafts.

What’s your favorite beginning math concept from the activities above? Share them in the comments below!

Have a blessed day!

Brandi

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